Here are the most beautiful. In Berlin, vegetables are grown at the airport. In Paris, a law obliges public buildings and commercial skyscrapers to equip themselves with green space. While in Tokyo, vegetables are grown in the former Toshiba floppy disk factory. The New York a gigantic urban park, with a vegetable garden, along a former railway line.
The latest data are clear: agriculture is one of the few growing sectors, especially in our country, and – as emerges from the Ismea-Svimez Report – more and more young people are returning to work the land, especially in the South. There are as many as 20 thousand agricultural enterprises founded in the South last year.
There is also an increase in awareness of the need to eat in a healthy and balanced way. And every day more farmers in the city grow organic fruit. And vegetables in the many urban areas that have sprung up everywhere, from the north to the south of the country.
The urban gardens are redrawing the map of our city: lots of those who have permission to retrieve urban spaces otherwise destined to speculation or abandonment. An authentic urban planning tool capable of improving the aesthetic. And the environmental quality of entire neighborhoods, especially in the suburbs. They employ thousands of people who also organize themselves with micro-enterprises, allow their free time to be invested positively and constructively. Promoting socialization and the exchange of knowledge and spreading good practices relating to respect for the seasonality of products and the fight to food waste. An important piece of our future and an excellent strategy to improve our quality of life.
URBAN GARDENS IN EUROPE AND IN THE WORLD –
But not only in Italy: urban gardens are spreading everywhere, in Europe and in the world. And the towers of urban gardens, vertical farms and rooftop gardens are also very popular.
In Paris, a project that is part of the 2014-2020 strategic plan envisages reaching 100 hectares more greenery on roofs and vertical walls. A goal achievable thanks to the law that obliges public buildings and commercial skyscrapers to acquire a green space. And on the roofs of the Galeries Lafayette 300 varieties of small fruits are produced.
Here some types of vegetables including lettuce are really difficult to find due to the excessive level of soil pollution, which is why they are imported and sold at very high costs. In Yokosuka, just forty kilometers from Tokyo. Vegetables are grown in the former floppy disk factory which Toshiba has now transformed into a vertical hydroponic farm.
In Romainville, a suburb of Paris, the Agro-main-Ville, a tower of urban gardens, has opened to the public: eight floors and seven huge terraces where citizens can grow their plants and take care of shared gardens. An eco-sustainable and energy-saving structure in which rainwater collection and filtering systems were also provided and for the composting of waste from vertical farms and organic waste from the population.
In the German capital, on the other hand, zucchini, tomatoes. And Brussels sprouts are grown in the 300 small plots obtained in place of the landing strip of the Tempelhof airport closed definitively in 2009. And outside Europe, vertical farms are also a reality in:
In the Big Apple, on the other hand, vegetables are grown in the Brooklyn Grange. The largest roof garden were twenty-five thousand kilograms of fresh vegetables, medicinal herbs, eggs. And honey is produced every year. And not only that: the High Line Park, a linear park of about 2.3 kilometers, has become in a very few years one of the main attractions of the American metropolis and has about 5 million visitors a year, more than the Statue of Liberty. In West Manhattan instead, an old railway line, the West Side Line. Now in disuse, it has been completely transformed into a fantastic urban park. Where there are also typical garden spaces, much loved by citizens and tourists. An example of urban redevelopment, under the sign of greenery, vegetables, new lifestyles, without erasing the traces of memory (along the way there are still old tracks).
On the roof-park “Green Roof City Hall” of Chicago, on the other hand, 20 thousand species of plants are grown.
Very important projects, not only from the point of view of better livability of our urban centers. But also to favor energy saving. The vegetation on top of the buildings, the vegetable gardens. And the vertical woods provide the structure with an insulating effect. And this allows you to save on use and. Consequently, costs in heating bills and air conditioners. Not to mention that the crops on the roofs allow you to produce fruits. And vegetables free of pollutants such as lead and heavy metals that come out of the exhaust pipes of the cars and land on the ground.
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