Sunflowers are one of the most extraordinary plants that exist. They are native to North America and were discovered when some natives worshiped them as a symbol of the sun god. These plants, which rotate throughout the day following the movement of the sun, generate a lot of light and joy in our home. If you want to know how to grow sunflowers in house. In addition, planting sunflower seeds is so simple that children can do it too. However, the way of planting them will depend to a great extent. Whether we have a garden or if we should grow them in a pot, as well as the type of sunflower that is chosen.
How to grow sunflowers
Types of sunflowers: can you have everyone at home? Mainly there are three types of sunflowers: tall, medium sunflowers and pollen-free sunflowers. The latter are hybrids created in Europe and Japan , so they do not produce seeds and the only way to get them is by acquiring the plants. It depends on how to grow sunflower sour home is a type of sunflower or another will be more convenient. In fact, we can have any type of sunflower as long as we can expose the plant to many hours of sun . However, we must be realistic with the size of the plant we choose. That is to say, if we want to have a giant sunflower on our balcony floor, it is most likely to reach our neighbor’s balcony.
Information on sunflower and its care
Sunflower is a generally yellow and annual plant, which means that it germinates, grows and dies in a year. It is characterized mainly by its rapid growth, its beauty and the high properties of its pipes.
How much can a sunflower measure?
There are up to 70 different varieties of sunflower, and depending on the type the length will vary, ranging from 60 centimeters to almost 5 meters. As a curious fact, in 1986 the highest sunflower in the world was planted in the Netherlands, which reached 7.62 meters.
How often do you have to water the sunflower
Sunflower is a plant that needs a lot of water. At the beginning, when we are waiting for the seed to sprout, it must be watered once a day or every two days, making sure that the earth is always moist. At this point, we must calculate an amount of 25 ml of water per seed planted. Once the seed sprout and the plant reaches about 30 centimeters high, you must double the amount of water you were administering it, that is, 50 ml. After two weeks, when the plant is bigger and you divide the cocoon, add 75 ml of water. When you see that the sunflower is ready to bloom, start watering it with 100 ml of water.
How long does a sunflower plant take to germinate?
Depending on the variety of the sunflower it may take more or less days. But the average is in about 10 days. However, it may be the case that the first shoots appear after 3 or 4 days. If it has the necessary humidity and the adequate conditions for it to germinate successfully.
What is the best time to plant sunflowers
Ideally, sunflowers should be planted in the spring, so that when they bloom they will receive the rays of the summer sun. Summer is the time when they grow best. Although in summer there is less water underground. The roots of sunflowers can reach deeper than other flowers or plants and get the water they need. However, some people prefer to plant the seeds in winter in pots, so that when spring arrives and they transplant the sunflowers abroad. They are the first flowering sunflowers of the season.
How to grow sunflowers at home step by step
If you have already chosen your favorite sunflower variety and know where to plant it, here’s how to plant sunflowers in pots step by step :
Make sure the pot has holes in the end so you can drain the water, otherwise the plant will rot. Remember to add a saucer in the base so that the water does not overflow. At the bottom, put a drainage material, such as pieces of terracotta, gravel, pebbles or polyethylene foam. Then, pour equal parts compost and commercial land. Water the container before putting the seeds. Keep in mind that to germinate they need a lot of moisture, and it will be much easier if when the plants, the earth is already wet. Place the sunflower seeds in the pot. If your pot is very large and allows it, plant 2 to 10 seeds in total, with a distance of 10 centimeters between them. Not all seeds will bloom, so in this way, we will make sure that at least one sunflower plant grows. Water the plant every one or two days, and calculate about 25 ml of water per seed planted, until they sprout. Wait for 3 to 8 days. If nothing has sprouted in a maximum of 13 days, then it means that the plant will not grow.
Precautions when planting sunflower in a pot
If the initial pot you use is very small, keep in mind that you will have to transplant the plant at some point to a larger pot. If you do not have a balcony, look for a sunny room so that the sunflower receives as much daylight as possible. However, try not to bring the plant much closer to a window. Because often the crystals transmit a temperature that is colder or hotter than the ambient temperature. If you wanted to plant a huge variety of sunflower in a pot, the size of the container should be very tall and wide. If you want to know more about planting in pots, in this article of unCOMO we explain it to you: How to plant in pots.
How to plant sunflowers in a garden step by step
Now that you know how to plant sunflowers at home in a pot, you may also want to know how to do it in your garden or your ggarden. Follow these steps to plant your sunflowers in the home garden: Moisten a paper: it does not have to drip or be soaked, just a little damp. Wrap the seeds in the wet paper to help germinate earlier. Store the seeds wrapped in wet paper in a bag for 48 hours . Usually, the first outbreaks will appear at that time. If you see that they do not sprout in two or three days. Carefully cut the edge of the seed shell with a nail clipper, and add a little more water to the paper if you see that it is very dry. Take the sprouted seeds and prepare the soil for planting. Choose an area where the sun shines all day, to be between 6 and 8 hours . Dig a deep hole, about 60 centimeters deep, and check that the soil is easy to drain. If not, mix the soil with compost. The roots of the sunflowers are very long and absorbent, and could rot if the soil is soaked with water. Plant the seeds 2.5 centimeters deep and 15 centimeters away from other plantations, including other sunflowers.
Precautions for growing sunflowers in the garden
You can also plant the seeds directly on the ground, but it is likely that some will not flower or that they will take 11 days to sprout. Check that there are no obstacles for when the plant grows, such as trees, shrubs or other objects with which it may bump and / or block the sun. Remember that, both for planting in a pot and in the garden, the seeds must be in the shell .
Here are the tips about how to grow sunflowers in house.